The Dangers of Debris on the Road Surface

As a solicitor and keen cyclist I am often asked by fellow cyclists about accidents that occur when the bike is taken from beneath them due to the wheels coming into contact with loose stones, chippings and shale on the surface of the road.


Unless it can be shown that the loose material has come about as a consequence of deterioration in the road surface then the prospect of holding a Local or Highway Authority to account is remote. A case by the name of Valentine offers some useful guidance.

In this particular case it was a motorcyclist who came off his motorcycle whilst going around a corner. The cause of his motorbike sliding from beneath him was due to the wheels coming into contact with loose material consisting of stone chippings, grit/shale. There was no defect in the road surface (pot holes etc.) that had caused the loose material to be present. The case ended up in the Court of Appeal.

Read: Petition calls for end to road surface dressing due to danger loose gravel poses to cyclists

The Court of Appeal refused to allow the claim to proceed against the Highway Authority as the duty under The Highways Act 1980 only extended to the maintenance of the structure and fabric of the road and not to surface-lying material. However, the claim was allowed to proceed against the Local Authority on the basis that there was the possibility that the failure to sweep that particular section of the road created a trap. The Local Authority had taken a positive act in implementing the periodical sweeping alongside the kerbs.

I have successfully pursued a claim on behalf of a cyclist who came off her bicycle and sustained serious injury as a consequence of coming into contact with shale on the road; where such “debris” had been deposited on the road as a direct result of deterioration in the road surface.


Soyab Patel is a Solicitor/Advocate (All Proceedings) and Partner at KLS Law Solicitors.

Personal Injury
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